Tengboche Monastery in Khumbu

  • Hemanta Budhathoki
  • Last Updated on Jun 21, 2024

Table of Contents

Tengboche Monastery also is known as Dawa Choling Gompa in Khumbu, Everest region, and the biggest Buddhist monastery in Nepal. Monastery blesses pilgrimage and travelers in the area. The monastery lies in Tengboche village at an altitude of 3,870 meters. The strong link of the Tengboche monastery is with the Rongbuk monastery of Tibet. It was built in 1916 by Gulu Lama with the help of Rongbuk Monastery Tibet. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 1934 and was rebuilt. Again in the second time, it was destroyed by fire and rebuilt in 1989.      

History about Tengboche Monastery

Tengboche Monastery came under the influence of Buddhism about 350 years ago. It was established in 1916 by Lama Gulu known as Chatang Chotar. Chtang Chotar was blessed by Tenzin Norbu who was fifth incarnation of Sangwa Dirje. The monastery is the first celibate monastery under the Nyingmapa lineage of Vajrayana Buddhism. Monastery first established in 1916, was rebuilt in 1934 when the earthquake was destroyed. It was and again rebuilt in 1989 when destroyed by fire. The monastery was re-established with the help of local Lamas along with a skilled carpenter from Lhasa. Exclusive murals were painted by Kappa Kalden, a renowned artist. The monastery is home of the 60 monks. Many trekkers and local peoples visit the monastery to get the special blessing by the lama and explore special chanting.  

                                                                                 Ritual at Monastery by Monks 

Tengboche is the most beautiful place in the world. It is the route of Everest Base Camp Trekking, the main trekking in Nepal, Gorakhshep, and Kalapathar. Thousand of tourist trekkers are explored monastery every year. Tourist visits the monastery to light butter candles and seeks the blessing of gods for good health and safe trekking and mountaineering. There are several local tea houses as accommodation for trekkers. The place is the most common night halt and it provides the finest mountain scenery including Mount Everest, Lhotse, and Amadablam. Beautiful Rhododendron forest, Pines, and Azaleas are making this place more beautiful. 

                                            View of Mount Everest, Lhotse, and Amadablam from Tengboche Monastery. 

Mani Rimdu Festival in Tengboche Monastery

This festival is the special and most important festival in Tengboche Monastery. It is the festival of Buddhist Sherpa peoples. It held on the tenth Lunar month according to the Tibetan calendar. The festival held in the autumn season around October – November month, at the time of a large group of trekkers and climber arrive in the Everest region. It believes that the red pills are blessed repeatedly and then distribute to all attendances during the festival time. The religious festival is all about the ceremony of meditation continue for nineteen days. The festival is a tradition passed from the Rongbuk Monastery of Tibet. Rongbuk Monastery in Tibet near Everest base camp of north part is the mother monastery of Tengboche. All the lamas from different monasteries gather here during the festival. They perform special mask dance in the name of different god and goddesses which believe to beat all the demons. They also formally remove all old prayer flags and put all new ones.  

Reaching Tengboche Monastery

Reaching there is either trekking for 3 days after flying to Lukla airport or to take a chartered helicopter flight which takes about 1 hour from Kathmandu airport. The first-day flight to Lukla, Hillary airport is 35 minutes flight and about 4 to 5 hours trekking to Phakding. There are local guesthouses to stay overnight and provide hygienic foods. The second-day hike to Namche Bazar is a bit adventurous steeply route. Then the third day of hiking about 5 hours reaches the Tengboche monastery. There are few tea houses provide accommodation and food. Most of the days in peak trekking season Tengboche is full of tourists. You can see crowded of trekkers hiking to Everest Base Camp and hiking down after reaching.    

                  Lukla Airport (Hillary Airport) is the only one Airport in Khumbu. The entrance and exit gate of the famous Everest region. 

Hemanta Budhathoki

Hemanta Budhathoki

Hemanta Budhathoki is team leader of Nepal Highland Trekking and travel company. 

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