Tengbochen Monastery also known as Dawa Choling Gompa in Khumbu, Everest region is biggest Buddhist monastery in Nepal. Ringboche from monastery bless pilgrimage and travelers in the area. Monastery lies in Tengboche village at the altitude of 3,870 miters. The strong link of Tengboche monastery is with Ronbuk monastery of Tibet. It was built in 1916 by Gulu Lama with the help of Ronbuk Monastery Tibet. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 1934 and was rebuilt. Again in second time it was destroyed by fire and rebuilt in 1989.
History about Tengboche Monastery: Tengboche Monastery came under the influence of Buddhism about 350 years ago. It was established in 1916 by Lama Gulu known as Chatang Chotar. Chtang Chotar was blessed by Tenzin Norbu who was fifth incarnation of Sangwa Dirje. The monastery is first celibate monastery under the Nyingmapa lineage of the Vajrayana Buddhism. Monastery first established on 1916, was rebuilt on 1934 when earthquake was destroyed. It was and again rebuilt in 1989 when destroyed by fire. The monastery was reestablished with the help of local Lamas along with skilled carpenter from Lhasa. Exclusive murals were painted by Kappa Kalden, a renowned artist. The monastery is home of the 60 monks. Many trekkers and local peoples visit monastery to get special blessing by lama and explore special chanting.
Ritual at Monastery by Monks
Tengboche is the most beautiful place in the world. It is route of Everest Base Camp Trekking, Gorakhshep and Kalapathar. Thousand of tourist trekking are explore monastery every years. Tourist visit the monastery to light butter candles and seek the blessing of gods for good health and safe trekking and mountaineering. There are several local tea houses as accommodation for trekkers. Place is most common night halt and it provide finest mountain scenery including Mount Everest, Lhotse and Amadablam. Beautiful Rhododendron forest, Pines and Azaleas are making this place more beautiful.
View of Mount Everest, Lhotse and Amadablam from Tengboche Monastery.
Mani Rimdu Festival is the special and most important festival in Tengboche Monastery. It is festival of Buddhist Sherpa peoples. It held on the tenth Lunar month according to Tibetan calendar. The festival held in autumn season around October – November month, at the time of large group of trekkers and climber arrive in Everest region. It believes that the red pills are blessed repeatedly and then distribute to all attendances during the festival time. The religious festival is all about ceremony of meditation continue for nineteen days. The festival is tradition passed from Ronbuk Monastery of Tibet. Ronbuk Monastery in Tibet near at Everest base camp of north part is mother monastery of Tengboche. All the lamas from different monasteries gather here during festival. They perform special mask dance in the name of different god and goddess which believe to beat all the demons. They also formally remove all old prayer flags and put all new one.
Reaching at Tengboche Monastery is either trekking for 3 days after flying to Lukla or to take a chartered helicopter flight which take about 1 hour from Kathmandu airport. The first day flight to Lukla, Hillary airport is 35 minutes flight and about 4 to 5 hours trekking to Phakding. There are local guest house to stay overnight and provide hygienic foods. The second day hike to Namche Bazzar is bit adventurous steeply route. Then the third day of hiking about 5 hours reaches at Tengboche monastery. There are few tea houses provide accommodation and foods. Most of the days in peak trekking season Tengboche is full of tourist. You can see crowded of trekkers hiking to Everest Base Camp and hiking down after reaching.
Lukla Airport (Hillary Airport) is the only one Airport in Khumbu. The entrance and exit gate of famouse Everest region.